It has been noted that parents are enrolling their children in engineering programs despite a lack of interest or aptitude due to the rising accessibility of Higher Technical Educational facilities at low costs and with little to no competition. Most of the time, this is done because the parents, who may not have received an adequate education, hope that their child will rise in the social stratosphere if they do so. In such circumstances, the teacher faces the extra challenge of trying to encourage and discipline students who lack motivation and are unwilling to take their studies seriously. The difficulty of his job increases when he must simultaneously motivate these children to study and keep them from disrupting the class when the majority of students may be interested.
These pupils are notorious for using any opportunity to flaunt their superiority and their reluctance to put in any effort toward their education. They also frequently bring about classroom scenarios in which the teacher cannot advance the lesson plan, such as the ones listed below.
(a) Raise a ruckus whenever the instructor turns to the board.
(b) Posing inquiries that have little to do with the subject.
(c) Taking up necessary class time by complaining that they are confused by the material covered or debating irrelevant points.
Intentionally disrupting class by arriving late and then requesting to enter.
(e) If the teacher is not facing the class, students may throw chunks of chalk or launch paper airplanes.
b) They may threaten the teacher with dire consequences if they receive a low grade in the internal marking.
Failure to participate in (g) Lab sessions.
(h) Going to school administration with complaints about the instructor’s demeanor or teaching methods.
The following approach is recommended for dealing with the issues mentioned above:
First, you should always maintain eye contact with every student in the room. That can be accomplished in a variety of ways;
(a) Spending less time on the board: Students dread presenting in front of the class. Take advantage of this situation. Get some kids up on the board to write the stuff you would write. Most of the time, writing on the board while facing the class may be possible. However, it may be a good idea to call a student on board to draw the diagram on the board when there are extended spells of writing to be done, such as drawing a diagram or constructing a table. When this is the case, going after the possible source of the issue is a safe bet. If you do that, he could decide to keep quiet the next time.
(a) Take advantage of visual aids when instructing. The overhead or LCD projector could be used to significant effect. It’s possible to keep masking in mind in the event of an overhead projector. Instead of showing the entire slide, you can show only the parts that are relevant by using masking. If displaying text, consider offering only a single line at a time to avoid drawing students’ eyes to the following line.
One of the most effective ways to maintain order in the classroom is to always make and maintain direct eye contact with the kids. With enough practice, you can tell whether someone is dreaming, planning mischief, or just plain confused by looking into their eyes. The first step is identifying the pupils who might be participating in such behavior. Maybe they’re seated together, so the teacher should try to separate them. Teachers should make a special effort to make eye contact with and ask questions of children who have been singled out. In most cases, educators would rather avoid dealing with such children by ignoring them. To a large part, the student may be managed by making him feel that he is essential to the teacher.
Group discussions are preferable to solo lectures. Students should be encouraged to participate in class discussions actively. Here are a few recommendations:-
To avoid answering a question head-on, a teacher can (a)possibly choose a few students to answer questions or (b)ask the class for suggestions. Remember that pupils who are reluctant to answer questions should be forced and encouraged to answer questions, even if they are erroneous. They will avoid participating in class discussions and become even more socially isolated if criticized for answering incorrectly. The instructor may bring up the student’s responses and gently correct them as the class discusses the solution.
(a) Another potentially effective strategy is to have the teacher pose the same question to the class and allow anyone to respond rather than directly answering a student’s inquiry. If a student answers the teacher’s question, he or she may receive an appropriate reward. This will keep the students engaged and motivated and give the instructor insight into the depth to which the students have internalized the material.
Third, if students are becoming disruptive, you should never raise your voice to them. Far more pressing is zeroing in on a single youngster who may be the ringleader. Stop what you’re doing and just gaze at the disruptive student if you have to. Don’t say a word; observe them. We all have the innate ability to detect and respond to another person’s staring at us. Keep your attention fixed on the group of students talking until they stop. You can tell the designated student that it’s either they or you get to speak and that if they do, it’s because they have something more pressing to discuss than the lecture’s topic, in which case they should go ahead and speak up; the rest of the class will wait patiently while they do.
Fourth, use students’ names frequently; learning everyone’s name in a classroom is not hard. The best approach to recalling everyone’s words is to take attendance by name rather than by roll number and to stare at each kid while you write down their name. If a kid is making a lot of noise, calling him by name is an excellent way to get his attention and quiet down. If you see such kids outside of class, calling them by name is an effective way to instill a healthy dose of discipline and terror in them.
5. Before the beginning of instruction, it is recommended that the evaluation scheme be discussed. It is essential to examine the belief that students should work to earn their grades rather than get them as a reward from the instructor. Give the student a breakdown of where their rates stand. If the student continues to perform poorly, the instructor will no longer feel responsible. In return, students will approach their tasks with a bit more care and, in most situations, be able to estimate their internal grades accurately.
Sixth, encourage complex study by telling them you want them to learn, not just cram, but that the onus is on them to put in the time and effort to learn. Tell them that cramming may get them good grades, but it will get them fired. It could be made clear that a high GPA does not guarantee a promising career. Past batches’ actual experiences can serve as instructive examples to draw from. It could be even more beneficial to contact former students so that they can interact with current ones and share their insights.
Find the students and put them to work for you; they represent a sizable pool of available labor that should be put to good use. Keep in mind that you have unique qualities to offer the world. The key is recognizing this and using it to your advantage by developing a personal rapport with specific students. The groups’ leaders might be singled out with a minimum of investigation. The next stage is to win them over so you can use them to take charge in the classroom. The class leader is not generally the smartest or the most popular kid in school. Figure out how to win them over and put their skills to good use. Always point out the positive qualities each pupil possesses.
8. Maintain self-control at all costs when exercising authority in the classroom: Remember that you are in charge of your class. Never let pupils exploit a weakness you reveal against you. If you gave the lecture, reviewing a video of it could be instructive. It’s possible that your students will pick up on your chronic use of specific phrases or gestures and begin using them themselves.
The importance of a teacher who is well-dressed, well-prepared, and deeply understands the material, and compassion for their students cannot be overstated. There is no need to respond immediately to a strange comment made by a student. One day you’ll catch that same student in error, and you can correct him while also bringing up his earlier statement.
The instructor can handle Most classroom issues without escalating the case to higher authority if the above principles are ensured at the appropriate time.
Lt. Col. Anil Nigam has been working in the telecom industry for almost 30 years, and his experience spans administration, project management, and teaching. Completed a comprehensive telecoms training program. This was augmented by nearly 33 years of professional experience in telecommunications and academics. During the outbreak of hostilities in the Ladakh region, you led a team responsible for communicating. You worked on designing, developing, and implementing a highly mobile Area Grid Mobile Communication System for the Indian Army. This system used various media, including switching equipment, radio relays, radios, satellites, etc. Currently a professor at the Institute of Technology and Management in Gurgaon, India, widely regarded as one of the top engineering schools in northern India. He is very involved in the field of psychotherapy.
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